Flea and Tick Facts and Prevention

Tick and Flea

Myths about Fleas

1) Contrary to popular belief, indoor pets can get fleas. Guess how? The fleas come in with you, the pet owner.

2) Fleas can survive even in homes where there is no carpet at all.

3) It’s not enough to spray your home and yard for fleas. You have to tackle an infestation directly on your pet with regular flea treatment 

4) Fleas will start feeding on your pet within minutes of landing on their skin. And their lightning-fast reproductive cycles means that within 20 days from when you see the first scratch, if left untreated your pet could be covered with more than 100,000 fleas.

5) Fleas don’t just make your pet itch. They can lead to serious internal problems such as Bartonella (cat scratch disease) in cats and anemia and tapeworms in cats and dogs.

6) Historically, fleas have been even more hazardous. Rodent fleas were responsible for spreading the bubonic plague, which killed about 25 million people in the 14th century.

 

Tick Facts

1) Ticks are found in nearly all parts of the country and are especially prevalent in spring and fall.

2) They are vectors for several diseases in dogs including: Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Canine ehrlichiosis, Canine babesiosis, Canine hepatozoonosis and Lyme disease.

3) Some of the diseases they carry can be transmitted to humans i.e. Lyme disease and Rocky Mountain Fever.

4) The saliva of ticks can also produce an allergic hypersensitivity reaction and, in the case of the female wood tick, lone star tick, and Gulf Coast tick, a disease called tick paralysis.

5) Ticks do not run and jump as fleas do, but scuttle around slowly. They climb up grass and plants and hold their legs up to sense passing host.

6) Ticks can fasten to any part of the dog’s skin, but are commonly found around the ears, between the toes, and sometimes in the armpits.

7) During feeding, tick saliva can get into the host’s body and blood stream; this is how diseases are transmitted.  

8) Males and female mate on the dog’s skin, after which the female takes a blood meal and then drops off to lay her eggs.

9) Ticks may drop off a dog and transfer to people, although this is not common. Once a tick starts feeding on a dog, it will feed until it is engorged and will not seek a second host.

10) Prompt removal of ticks is an effective method of preventing tick-borne diseases.       

Tips for Tick Removal

1) Using tweezers or forceps, grasp the tick as close to the pet’s skin as possible.

2) Remove the tick using slow, steady pressure.

3) Do not crush or twist the tick or yank it from the pet’s skin because the tick’s mouthparts may become detached and remain in the skin, potentially causing injury or infection.

4) Do not use a lit match or other products, such as petroleum jelly or nail polish, to remove the tick.   

Preventatives

There are many products on the market for flea and tick control and prevention but here at PVH we recommend year round flea and tick prevention using the following products:

Vectra 3D for Dogs and  Advantage Multi for Cats

Vectra 3D is a once-a-month topical that repels and kills fleas, ticks, mosquitoes, sand flies, mites and biting and sucking lice.

VECTRA 3D IS NOT FOR USE ON CATS!

Advantage Multi is a once-a-month topical that is a heartworm preventative, adult flea killer,and it is indicated for the treatmeant of flea infestations. It is also for the treatment and control of ear mite infestations, hookworms, and roundworms.

Please note that Advantage Multi is not for the control and prevention of ticks on cats. If you are having an issue with ticks on your cat, please contact us for information on what we recommend for tick prevention.

       

 

 

 

Comments

brianne_henderson@aol.com'
Brianne 12-05-2013, 09:57

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